Hoi Ha Wan is a bay at the north of Sai Kung Peninsula, as part of the Sai Kung West Country Park. Designated in 1996, Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park was one of the first Marine Parks to be established in Hong Kong. Its boundary is demarcated by linking the tips of Heung Lo Kok and Kwun Tsoi Kok through the northern end of Flat Island (Ngan Chau) and Moon Island (Mo Chau). When the tide is low, a variety of coastal organisms can be seen in shallow waters along the shore.
An offshore village known as Hoi Ha nestles at the southwest corner of the bay. The village was created by four brothers, who came from Shantou on the eastern coast of Guangdong province 200 years ago. They made a living by farming, fishing, and selling lime and charcoal that they produced to Aberdeen. There are four lime kilns in Hoi Ha Wan but only two remain relatively intact.
Hoi Ha Wan is one of the best sea areas in Hong Kong with good water quality and diverse marine life. It has a high and peculiar ecological value. Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park has lush coral communities and it is one of the best coral sites in Hong Kong. More than 120 species of coral reef fish can be found in the marine coral communities in the marine park. More than 60 out of 80+ coral species recorded in Hong Kong can be found in this marine park. In addition, records of a wide variety of marine animals, like starfish, sea hares and jellyfish in the Park further demonstrate its significant biodiversity.
Like the nursery grounds in Mai Po, Ho Ha Wan also offers a mangrove community occupying about 5.3 sq. km (57,000 sq ft). Along with a buffer zone between the tidal waters and the land, the mangrove woods commonly act as an ecologically sustainable habitat for juvenile fish and shrimps. Mangroves can also trap pollutants and filter dirt, keeping the water of the bay clean and clear.
Suggested Routes: Hoi Ha Village > Country Trail > Ancient Lime Kiln > Pier: Snorkeling > Mangroves and Beaches
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